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SQS Large Message Handling

The large message handling utility handles SQS messages which have had their payloads offloaded to S3 due to them being larger than the SQS maximum.

The utility automatically retrieves messages which have been offloaded to S3 using the amazon-sqs-java-extended-client-lib client library. Once the message payloads have been processed successful the utility can delete the message payloads from S3.

This utility is compatible with versions 1.1.0+ of amazon-sqs-java-extended-client-lib.

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<dependency>
    <groupId>com.amazonaws</groupId>
    <artifactId>amazon-sqs-java-extended-client-lib</artifactId>
    <version>1.1.0</version>
</dependency>
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 dependencies {
    implementation 'com.amazonaws:amazon-sqs-java-extended-client-lib:1.1.0'
}

Install

To install this utility, add the following dependency to your project.

Using Java 9 or later?

If you are working with lambda function on runtime Java 9 or later, please refer issue for a workaround.

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<dependencies>
    ...
    <dependency>
        <groupId>software.amazon.lambda</groupId>
        <artifactId>powertools-sqs</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.0</version>
    </dependency>
    ...
</dependencies>
<!-- configure the aspectj-maven-plugin to compile-time weave (CTW) the aws-lambda-powertools-java aspects into your project -->
<build>
    <plugins>
        ...
        <plugin>
             <groupId>org.codehaus.mojo</groupId>
             <artifactId>aspectj-maven-plugin</artifactId>
             <version>1.11</version>
             <configuration>
                 <source>1.8</source>
                 <target>1.8</target>
                 <complianceLevel>1.8</complianceLevel>
                 <aspectLibraries>
                     <aspectLibrary>
                         <groupId>software.amazon.lambda</groupId>
                         <artifactId>powertools-sqs</artifactId>
                     </aspectLibrary>
                 </aspectLibraries>
             </configuration>
             <executions>
                 <execution>
                     <goals>
                         <goal>compile</goal>
                     </goals>
                 </execution>
             </executions>
        </plugin>
        ...
    </plugins>
</build>
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 dependencies {
    ...
    implementation 'software.amazon.lambda:powertools-sqs:1.5.0'
    aspectpath 'software.amazon.lambda:powertools-sqs:1.5.0'
}

Lambda handler

The annotation @SqsLargeMessage should be used with the handleRequest method of a class which implements com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.RequestHandler with com.amazonaws.services.lambda.runtime.events.SQSEvent as the first parameter.

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import software.amazon.lambda.powertools.sqs.SqsLargeMessage;

public class SqsMessageHandler implements RequestHandler<SQSEvent, String> {

    @Override
    @SqsLargeMessage
    public String handleRequest(SQSEvent sqsEvent, Context context) {
    // process messages

    return "ok";
    }
}

@SqsLargeMessage creates a default S3 Client AmazonS3 amazonS3 = AmazonS3ClientBuilder.defaultClient().

Tip

When the Lambda function is invoked with an event from SQS, each received record in the SQSEvent is checked to see to validate if it is offloaded to S3. If it does then getObject(bucket, key) will be called, and the payload retrieved. If there is an error during this process then the function will fail with a FailedProcessingLargePayloadException exception.

If the request handler method returns without error then each payload will be deleted from S3 using deleteObject(bucket, key)

To disable deletion of payloads setting the following annotation parameter:

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import software.amazon.lambda.powertools.sqs.SqsLargeMessage;

@SqsLargeMessage(deletePayloads=false)
public class SqsMessageHandler implements RequestHandler<SQSEvent, String> {

}

Utility

If you want to avoid using annotation and have control over error that can happen during payload enrichment use SqsUtils.enrichedMessageFromS3(). It provides you access with list of SQSMessage object enriched from S3 payload.

Original SQSEvent object is never mutated. You can also control if the S3 payload should be deleted after successful processing.

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import software.amazon.lambda.powertools.sqs.SqsLargeMessage;
import software.amazon.lambda.powertools.sqs.SqsUtils;

public class SqsMessageHandler implements RequestHandler<SQSEvent, String> {

    @Override
    public String handleRequest(SQSEvent sqsEvent, Context context) {

         Map<String, String> sqsMessage = SqsUtils.enrichedMessageFromS3(sqsEvent, sqsMessages -> {
            // Some business logic
            Map<String, String> someBusinessLogic = new HashMap<>();
            someBusinessLogic.put("Message", sqsMessages.get(0).getBody());
            return someBusinessLogic;
        });

         // Do not delete payload after processing.
         Map<String, String> sqsMessage = SqsUtils.enrichedMessageFromS3(sqsEvent, false, sqsMessages -> {
            // Some business logic
            Map<String, String> someBusinessLogic = new HashMap<>();
            someBusinessLogic.put("Message", sqsMessages.get(0).getBody());
            return someBusinessLogic;
        });

         // Better control over exception during enrichment
         try {
               // Do not delete payload after processing.
            SqsUtils.enrichedMessageFromS3(sqsEvent, false, sqsMessages -> {
                // Some business logic
            });
         } catch (FailedProcessingLargePayloadException e) {
             // handle any exception.
         }

        return "ok";
    }
}

Last update: 2021-03-31