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A suite of utilities for AWS Lambda functions to ease adopting best practices such as tracing, structured logging, custom metrics, and more.

Looking for a quick read through how the core features are used?

Check out this detailed blog post with a practical example.

Tenets

This project separates core utilities that will be available in other runtimes vs general utilities that might not be available across all runtimes.

  • AWS Lambda only. We optimise for AWS Lambda function environments and supported runtimes only. Utilities might work with web frameworks and non-Lambda environments, though they are not officially supported.
  • Eases the adoption of best practices. The main priority of the utilities is to facilitate best practices adoption, as defined in the AWS Well-Architected Serverless Lens; all other functionality is optional.
  • Keep it lean. Additional dependencies are carefully considered for security and ease of maintenance, and prevent negatively impacting startup time.
  • We strive for backwards compatibility. New features and changes should keep backwards compatibility. If a breaking change cannot be avoided, the deprecation and migration process should be clearly defined.
  • We work backwards from the community. We aim to strike a balance of what would work best for 80% of customers. Emerging practices are considered and discussed via Requests for Comment (RFCs)
  • Idiomatic. Utilities follow programming language idioms and language-specific best practices.

Install

Powertools is available in PyPi. You can use your favourite dependency management tool to install it

  • poetry: poetry add aws-lambda-powertools
  • pip: pip install aws-lambda-powertools

Quick hello world example using SAM CLI

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sam init --location https://github.com/aws-samples/cookiecutter-aws-sam-python

Lambda Layer

Powertools is also available as a Lambda Layer, and it is distributed via the AWS Serverless Application Repository (SAR) to support semantic versioning.

App ARN Description
aws-lambda-powertools-python-layer arn:aws:serverlessrepo:eu-west-1:057560766410:applications/aws-lambda-powertools-python-layer Core dependencies only; sufficient for nearly all utilities.
aws-lambda-powertools-python-layer-extras arn:aws:serverlessrepo:eu-west-1:057560766410:applications/aws-lambda-powertools-python-layer-extras Core plus extra dependencies such as pydantic that is required by parser utility.

Warning

Layer-extras does not support Python 3.6 runtime. This layer also includes all extra dependencies: 22.4MB zipped, ~155MB unzipped.

If using SAM, you can include this SAR App as part of your shared Layers stack, and lock to a specific semantic version. Once deployed, it'll be available across the account this is deployed to.

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AwsLambdaPowertoolsPythonLayer:
  Type: AWS::Serverless::Application
  Properties:
    Location:
      ApplicationId: arn:aws:serverlessrepo:eu-west-1:057560766410:applications/aws-lambda-powertools-python-layer
      SemanticVersion: 1.10.2 # change to latest semantic version available in SAR

MyLambdaFunction:
  Type: AWS::Serverless::Function
  Properties:
    Location:
      Layers:
         # fetch Layer ARN from SAR App stack output
         - !GetAtt AwsLambdaPowertoolsPythonLayer.Outputs.LayerVersionArn
Example of least-privileged IAM permissions to deploy Layer

Credits to mwarkentin for providing the scoped down IAM permissions.

The region and the account id for CloudFormationTransform and GetCfnTemplate are fixed.

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AWSTemplateFormatVersion: "2010-09-09"
Resources:
  PowertoolsLayerIamRole:
    Type: "AWS::IAM::Role"
    Properties:
      AssumeRolePolicyDocument:
        Version: "2012-10-17"
        Statement:
          - Effect: "Allow"
            Principal:
              Service:
                - "cloudformation.amazonaws.com"
            Action:
              - "sts:AssumeRole"
      Path: "/"
  PowertoolsLayerIamPolicy:
    Type: "AWS::IAM::Policy"
    Properties:
      PolicyName: PowertoolsLambdaLayerPolicy
      PolicyDocument:
        Version: "2012-10-17"
        Statement:
          - Sid: CloudFormationTransform
            Effect: Allow
            Action: cloudformation:CreateChangeSet
            Resource:
              - arn:aws:cloudformation:us-east-1:aws:transform/Serverless-2016-10-31
          - Sid: GetCfnTemplate
            Effect: Allow
            Action:
              - serverlessrepo:CreateCloudFormationTemplate
              - serverlessrepo:GetCloudFormationTemplate
            Resource:
              # this is arn of the powertools SAR app
              - arn:aws:serverlessrepo:eu-west-1:057560766410:applications/aws-lambda-powertools-python-layer
          - Sid: S3AccessLayer
            Effect: Allow
            Action:
              - s3:GetObject
            Resource:
              # AWS publishes to an external S3 bucket locked down to your account ID
              # The below example is us publishing lambda powertools
              # Bucket: awsserverlessrepo-changesets-plntc6bfnfj
              # Key: *****/arn:aws:serverlessrepo:eu-west-1:057560766410:applications-aws-lambda-powertools-python-layer-versions-1.10.2/aeeccf50-****-****-****-*********
              - arn:aws:s3:::awsserverlessrepo-changesets-*/*
          - Sid: GetLayerVersion
            Effect: Allow
            Action:
              - lambda:PublishLayerVersion
              - lambda:GetLayerVersion
            Resource:
              - !Sub arn:aws:lambda:${AWS::Region}:${AWS::AccountId}:layer:aws-lambda-powertools-python-layer*
      Roles:
        - Ref: "PowertoolsLayerIamRole"

You can fetch available versions via SAR API with:

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aws serverlessrepo list-application-versions \
    --application-id arn:aws:serverlessrepo:eu-west-1:057560766410:applications/aws-lambda-powertools-python-layer

Features

Utility Description
Tracing Decorators and utilities to trace Lambda function handlers, and both synchronous and asynchronous functions
Logger Structured logging made easier, and decorator to enrich structured logging with key Lambda context details
Metrics Custom Metrics created asynchronously via CloudWatch Embedded Metric Format (EMF)
Middleware factory Decorator factory to create your own middleware to run logic before, and after each Lambda invocation
Parameters Retrieve parameter values from AWS Systems Manager Parameter Store, AWS Secrets Manager, or Amazon DynamoDB, and cache them for a specific amount of time
Batch processing Handle partial failures for AWS SQS batch processing
Typing Static typing classes to speedup development in your IDE
Validation JSON Schema validator for inbound events and responses
Event source data classes Data classes describing the schema of common Lambda event triggers
Parser Data parsing and deep validation using Pydantic

Environment variables

Info

Explicit parameters take precedence over environment variables.

Environment variable Description Utility Default
POWERTOOLS_SERVICE_NAME Sets service name used for tracing namespace, metrics dimension and structured logging All "service_undefined"
POWERTOOLS_METRICS_NAMESPACE Sets namespace used for metrics Metrics None
POWERTOOLS_TRACE_DISABLED Disables tracing Tracing false
POWERTOOLS_TRACER_CAPTURE_RESPONSE Captures Lambda or method return as metadata. Tracing true
POWERTOOLS_TRACER_CAPTURE_ERROR Captures Lambda or method exception as metadata. Tracing true
POWERTOOLS_TRACE_MIDDLEWARES Creates sub-segment for each custom middleware Middleware factory false
POWERTOOLS_LOGGER_LOG_EVENT Logs incoming event Logging false
POWERTOOLS_LOGGER_SAMPLE_RATE Debug log sampling Logging 0
POWERTOOLS_LOG_DEDUPLICATION_DISABLED Disables log deduplication filter protection to use Pytest Live Log feature Logging false
LOG_LEVEL Sets logging level Logging INFO

Debug mode

As a best practice, AWS Lambda Powertools logging statements are suppressed. If necessary, you can enable debugging using set_package_logger:

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from aws_lambda_powertools.logging.logger import set_package_logger

set_package_logger()

Last update: 2021-02-12