Create Profiles with IAM role

Use AWS IAM roles for service accounts with Kubeflow Profiles

In a multi tenant Kubeflow installation, the pods created by pipelines workflow and the pipelines frontend services run in an user profile namespace. The service account (default-editor) used for these pods needs permissions for the S3 bucket used by pipelines to read and write artifacts from S3. When using IRSA (IAM roles for service accounts) as your PIPELINE_S3_CREDENTIAL_OPTION, any additional profiles created as part of a multi-user deployment besides the preconfigured kubeflow-user-example-com will need to be configured with permissions to S3 bucket using IRSA.

The default-editor SA needs to be annotated with an IAM role with sufficient permissions to access your S3 Bucket to run your pipelines. In the below steps we will be configuring a profile an IAM role with restricted access to a specific S3 Bucket using the AwsIamForServiceAccount plugin for Profiles. To learn more about the AwsIamForServiceAccount plugin for Profiles read the Profiles component guide.

Note: If you choose to run your pipeline with a service account other than the default which is default-editor, you must make sure to annotate that service account with an IAM role with sufficient S3 permissions.

Create a Profile

After installing Kubeflow on AWS with one of the available deployment options, you can configure Kubeflow Profiles with the following steps:

  1. Define the following environment variables:

    The S3_BUCKET that is exported should be the same bucket that is used by Kubeflow Pipelines.

    # Your cluster name
    export CLUSTER_NAME=
    # Your cluster region
    export CLUSTER_REGION=
    # The S3 Bucket that is used by Kubeflow Pipelines
    export S3_BUCKET=
    # Your AWS Acconut ID
    export AWS_ACCOUNT_ID=$(aws sts get-caller-identity --query "Account" --output text)
    # Name of the profile to create
  2. Retrieve OIDC Provider URL

    aws --region $CLUSTER_REGION eks update-kubeconfig --name $CLUSTER_NAME
    export OIDC_URL=$(aws eks describe-cluster --region $CLUSTER_REGION --name $CLUSTER_NAME  --query "cluster.identity.oidc.issuer" --output text | cut -c9-)
  3. Create an IAM trust policy to authorize federated requests from the OIDC provider.

    cat <<EOF > trust.json
    "Version": "2012-10-17",
    "Statement": [
        "Effect": "Allow",
        "Principal": {
            "Federated": "arn:aws:iam::${AWS_ACCOUNT_ID}:oidc-provider/${OIDC_URL}"
        "Action": "sts:AssumeRoleWithWebIdentity",
        "Condition": {
            "StringEquals": {
            "${OIDC_URL}:aud": "",
            "${OIDC_URL}:sub": "system:serviceaccount:${PROFILE_NAMESPACE}:default-editor"
  4. Create an IAM policy with access to the S3 bucket where pipeline artifacts will be stored. The following policy grants full access to the S3 bucket, you can scope it down by giving read, write and GetBucketLocation permissions.

    cat <<EOF > s3_policy.json
        "Version": "2012-10-17",
        "Statement": [
            "Effect": "Allow",
            "Action": "s3:*",
            "Resource": [
  5. Create an IAM role for the Profile using the scoped policy from the previous step.

     aws iam create-role --role-name $PROFILE_NAMESPACE-$CLUSTER_NAME-role --assume-role-policy-document file://trust.json
     aws --region $CLUSTER_REGION iam put-role-policy --role-name $PROFILE_NAMESPACE-$CLUSTER_NAME-role --policy-name kf-$PROFILE_NAMESPACE-pipeline-s3 --policy-document file://s3_policy.json  
  6. Create a user in your configured auth provider (e.g. Cognito or Dex).

    Export the user email as env variable, e.g.

    export PROFILE_USER=""
  7. Create a Profile using the PROFILE_NAMESPACE.

Note: annotateOnly has been set to true. This means that the Profile Controller will not mutate your IAM Role and Policy.

cat <<EOF > profile_iam.yaml
kind: Profile
    kind: User
    name: ${PROFILE_USER}
  - kind: AwsIamForServiceAccount
      awsIamRole: $(aws iam get-role --role-name $PROFILE_NAMESPACE-$CLUSTER_NAME-role --output text --query 'Role.Arn')
      annotateOnly: true

kubectl apply -f profile_iam.yaml
Last modified September 1, 2023: v1.7.0-aws-b1.0.3 website changes (#791) (7faf1a5)